Years: 1964 - 1967
Styles: Beat, Garage Rock, Psychedelic Rock, Rock and Roll
John Fogerty - Guitar, Harmonica, Piano, Saxophone, Vocals (in band: 1964 - 1967)
Tom Fogerty - Guitar (in band: 1964 - 1967)
Stu Cook - Bass Guitar (in band: 1964 - 1967)
Doug Clifford - Drums (in band: 1964 - 1967)
The Golliwogs were an American rock band that eventually became Creedence Clearwater Revival.
The band started out, in 1959, as an instrumental trio called The Blue Velvets. The original line-up was John Fogerty (guitar), Stu Cook (piano), and Doug Clifford (drums). In November 1959, John's older brother Tom, who had been in local bands since 1958, began singing with the group.
In the middle of 1964, the band recorded two songs for Fantasy Records, a local label based in San Francisco. The band was attracted to Fantasy because, in 1963, it had released a national hit by Vince Guaraldi, "Cast Your Fate to the Wind". Max Weiss, one of Fantasy's co-owners, initially changed the group's name to The Visions, but when their songs were released as a single, in November 1964, Weiss renamed them The Golliwogs, an apparent reference to a once-popular minstrel doll called a Golliwogg. Seven singles were released in the San Francisco Bay area. While none of these broke out nationally, one, "Brown-Eyed Girl", was a near break-out in Miami, Florida, for four weeks beginning on February 26, 1966, when it reached No. 10 on Billboard's "Regional Breakout" chart for Miami (a chart one level below their Bubbling Under charts).
Eventually, John Fogerty took control of the group, writing all of their material, singing lead vocals, and blossoming into a multi-instrumentalist who played keyboards, harmonica, and saxophone in addition to lead guitar. By 1967, he was producing the group's recordings.
In 1975, Fantasy released "Pre-Creedence", a compilation album of recordings by The Golliwogs. Fantasy also included an extensive collection of Blue Velvets and Golliwogs recordings in their 2001 CCR box set.
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